From a kick off, the ball must be played forward. A goal cannot be scored directly from a kick off.
A team consists of 5 players, 4 court players and 1 goalkeeper.
Unlimited "flying" substitutions. Players can re-enter the game from their substitution area (from their own defensive half when no markings) without notifying the referee.
There is NO offside.
When the ball goes out over the sideline, it is then placed on the sideline or up to 25cm behind the sideline. From a stationary position, the ball is kicked into the court to another player. All opposing players must be at least 5 metres from the ball.
For a ball to be out of play or a goal scored; all the ball must be over the line.
A goal cannot be scored directly from a kick in unless it touches another player.
Goalkeepers throw the ball from the ("D"-shaped) goal area to restart from a goal clearance.
Goalkeepers can kick the ball from their hands when not a goal clearance (goal kick).
A goal clearance is when the ball travels over the defensive goal lines either side of the goal.
The goalkeeper has a 4 second time limit to control the ball, unless they are in the oppositions half of the court, at which they then have unlimited time.
Goalkeepers are not allowed to pick up a back pass from any of their teammates.
The game has a 4 second time limit at kick-ins, comer kick-ins and free kicks.